MIXED USE CENTRE - Il vulcano buono in Napoli

Client: Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Genova, Italy
Date: 2007-2002
Project services: Consultancy in landscaping
Work progress status: Completed
Credits: Favero&Milan Ingegneria(structural and civil engineering, consulting executive architect); Maire Engineering (services); Studio Archemi (cost consultant); G.Amaro (fire prevention); P.Castiglioni (lighting); E.Skabar, H.Coumoul (landscaping)
Site areae: 400.000 sqm
Roof garden: :150.000 sqm
Garden square: :22.000 sqm
Superstore area: :13.500 sqm
Number of shops: :155
Parking area: :8.000 lots
Catchment area: :2.500.000 inhabitants per 45 minute
Brief description: Situated in the Naples countryside, this mixed use centre is a modern version of a traditional marketplace: all the activities once located in Naples Piazza Mercato has been moved here. RPBW was appointed to design the Centre, that include a superstore, a shopping mall, entertainment and public spaces, restaurants, a hotel, offices and other facilities. The project takes inspiration from the surrounding landscape, particularly from the nearby volcano Vesuvio. It has the shape of some interlocking and rotating solids, each with a different slope. The slopes form ridges that range from 25 to 41 meters in height, with an overall diameter of 320 meters. The structure's form contrasts and counterbalances the rectilinear buildings of the neighboring business centre. The centre's operations are located on several levels. The central "piazza", which is 160 metres in diameter, constitutes the centre of the volcano, with markets and community spaces to meet and work. The crater structure is made of reinforced concrete, covered with turf, allowing the artificial volcano to disappear into the landscape. From a distance, it fits naturally with the contour of the land. A grid of clearly defined vegetation, some 2000 pine and linden trees, radially develops around the building.
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Siteplan
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Overall plan of the intervention
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Building site
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Building site
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Roof covering module M1a
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Roof covering module M2
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Roof covering module M3
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Roof covering module M4
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Roof texture
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Tree plantation
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Pinus pinea
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Acer Platanoides
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Genista spp.
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Leguminosae
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Wet plants